Genetics in a Nutshell

CentoPedia – your essential epitome for genetic diagnostics. Given the complexities of rare diseases, the limited natural history data, and the smaller pool of patients to participate in clinical development, CentoPedia supports you with background information on clinical pictures, involved genes and the recommended testing strategy.

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  • Nemaline Myopathy

    Nemaline myopathy (NEM, NM) is one of the most common congenital myopathies characterized by hypotonia, weakness, and absent deep tendon reflexes. Muscle weakness is usually most severe in the face, the neck flexors, and the proximal limb muscles. Nemaline myopathies (NEM) include at least six forms…

  • Cataract

    Cataracts are a clouding of the lens in the eye, defined as opacification of the normally transparent crystalline lens. It is very common in older people and mostly related to aging. Cataracts can occur in one or both eyes affecting vision, i.e. clouding in the lens results in blurred vision.…

  • Bardet Biedl

    Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a rare, autosomal-recessive ciliopathy characterized by retinal dystrophy, obesity, renal abnormalities, genital abnormalities, postaxial polydactyly, and learning difficulties. To date, mutations in more than 20 different genes have been described as being responsible…

  • Alport Syndrome

    Alport syndrome (ATS) is a rare disease caused by genetic mutations in one of the type IV collagen genes that encode connective tissue proteins localized within basement membranes of the kidneys, ears, and eyes. Thus, the disease is characterized by renal, cochlear, and ocular involvement.

  • Fanconi Anemia

    Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a rare inherited chromosome breakage syndrome characterized by physical abnormalities, bone marrow failure, and an increased risk of development of various malignancies. FA is the most common genetic cause of aplastic anemia and is one of the most common genetic causes of…

  • Pancreatitis

    There are a variety of disorders of the pancreas including acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, hereditary pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer. Signs and symptoms of pancreatitis may vary, depending on the disease. Hereditary pancreatic diseases are inflamatory diseases of pancreas, most often…

  • Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Panel

    Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by the presence of multiple arteriovenous malformations that lack intervening capillaries and result in direct connections between arteries and veins. The most common clinical manifestation is epistaxis…

  • Sandhoff Disease

    Sandhoff disease is a rare inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by an accumulation of the specific glycosphinogolipid, GM2 ganglioside1, particularly in neurons. This accumulation results in a progressive neurodegenerative disorder clinically indistinguishable from Tay-Sachs disease. Because…

  • Glycogen Storage Disease II or Pompe Disease

    Pompe disease, also known as glycogen storage disease type 2 (GSD II), is an inherited disorder caused by the buildup of a complex sugar called glycogen in the body's cells. The accumulation of glycogen in certain organs and tissues, especially muscles, impairs their ability to function normally.

  • Krabbe Disease

    Krabbe disease, also known as globoid cell leukodystrophy, is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder affecting the white matter of the central and peripheral nervous systems.